The Gambia, officially the Republic of the Gambia, is a small country in West Africa with a population of about 2 million people. The country’s main economic activity is agriculture.
The Gambian agricultural sector is the main provider of food and income for its population, particularly rural communities whose livelihood is based on crop and livestock production for income-generating activities. Vegetable production is recognized by the government and contributes 4% of GDP. There are many vegetable crops grown by women, but recently onion production has received more attention in farming communities. Onions are a simple crop from an agronomic point of view, practical and with high economic returns with good management practices.
Onion is one of the most important vegetables grown on a large scale in The Gambia. The number of farmers entering onion cultivation has increased year by year. The importance of agriculture in the socio-economic development of The Gambia cannot be overemphasized. The improvement of the onion value chain will increase the sources of income for Gambian farmers.